INTERACCIÓN TRABAJO-FAMILIA: ADAPTACIÓN Y VALIDACIÓN DE UN INSTRUMENTO PARA MEDIRLA

Sebastián Gabini

Resumo


El objetivo del presente estudio fue la adaptación y validación de una escala para evaluar las relaciones entre el trabajo y la familia. Se tradujo la escala original al español (argentino) y los ítems fueron evaluados por expertos en el ámbito de la psicología laboral y organizacional. Se ejecutó un estudio piloto con 52 estudiantes de posgrado para analizar la equivalencia operacional de la escala. Se elaboró un estudio principal a efectos de analizar las propiedades psicométricas del instrumento puesto a punto en el estudio piloto. En esta ocasión se trabajó sobre una nueva muestra no probabilística integrada por 237 trabajadores. Sobre los datos recabados se ejecutaron análisis factoriales exploratorios y confirmatorios, los que indicaron una estructura bifactorial con adecuada consistencia (enriquecimiento trabajo-familia: α= .76 y conflicto trabajo-familia: α= .74), confiabilidad compuesta (CR mayores a .70), y validez convergente (AVE mayor a .50). La adaptación argentina del instrumento quedó conformada por 8 ítems, demostrando ser una medida confiable y parsimoniosa de la interacción trabajo-familia.

 

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to adapt and validate a scale to measure the relationship between work and family. The original scale was translated into Spanish (Argentine) and the items were evaluated by experts in the field of occupational and organizational psychology. A pilot study was carried out with 52 postgraduate students in order to analyze operative characteristics of the scale. A main study was performed to analyze the psychometric properties of the instrument. This time, the non-probabilistic sample comprised 237 workers. Factor analyses (exploratory and confirmatory) were executed over the data obtained. Both of them indicated a bi-dimensional structure with adequate internal consistency (work family enrichment: α = .76 and work-family conflict: α = .74), composite reliability (CR greater than .70), and convergent validity (AVE greater than .50). Argentine adaptation was conformed by 8 items and proved to be a reliable and parsimonious scale which allows to work-family interaction.


Palavras-chave


trabajo-familia, enriquecimiento, conflicto, propiedades psicométricas,work-family, enrichment, conflict, psychometrics properties

Texto Completo:

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Referências


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